Archive for June, 2021

‘ENGLAND EXPECTS’ – DECEMBER 1790 – BRING IN THE HEADS OF THE SLAIN – Governor Phillip’s barbarous path to secure Spain’s silver and gold for Britain

Tuesday, June 29th, 2021

Sydney Cove – 1790, 13 December: ‘Since our arrival in this country [ 20 January 1788] no less than seventeen [17] of our people have either been killed or wounded by the [Bidee-gall natives; – [of] the north arm of Botany Bay].

‘His [excellency’s] motive for having so long delayed to use violent means…that in every former occasion of hostility they [the Bidjigal] had acted either from  having received injury or misapprehension’.

Nevertheless:

Botany Bay – 1790 December: ‘At four o’clock on the morning of the 14th we [detachment of 50] marched…to Botany Bay to capture six  [6] [Bidjigal] with ropes to bind our prisoners ..if six cannot be taken…let that number [6] be shot… hatchets and bags, to cut off and contain the heads of the slain’.  Governor Arthur Phillip, cited Marine Captain Watkin Tench,Sydney’s First Four Years, ed. L.F Fitzhardinge, Angus and Robertson, Sydney 1961

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Few personal documents relating to [Arthur] Phillip survive, his low personal profile and the secret work in which he was sometimes involved help make him one of the least-known founders of any modern state in his case – Australia’. Pacific Explorations, Voyages of Discovery from Captain Cook’s Endeavour to the Beagle. Nigel Rigby, Peter Van Der Merwe & Glyn Williams, Pacific Explorations,  Maritime Museum Greenwich, Bloomsbury, Adlard Coles,  London, 2018 .

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‘The combination of French and Spanish naval power had proven fatal for Britain in the American War [1775-83] as Lord Sandwich admitted frankly’. Lord Sandwich cited, R.J. King, The Secret History of the Convict Colony,  Allen and Unwin, Sydney 1990

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‘New Holland is a good blind, then, when we want to add to the military strength of India’. Anon to Evan Nepean, Bladen, Historical Records

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1788 – 25 January: ‘When leaving Botany Bay [for Sydney Cove] Phillip noticed two [2] French ships in the offing‘. Hugh Edward Egerton, A Short History of British Colonial Policy, Methuen, London 1928 

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‘There would seem to be’ “some justification for saying that England won Australia by six [6] days”. Edward Jenks, cited Egerton. op.cit.

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‘Actually, when Phillip planted the flag at Sydney Cove in 1788 he was not claiming the land for the British to take it away from the Aboriginal people but to make sure the French did not make the claim first’.  The Honest History Book, Larissa Behrendt, eds. David Stephens & Alison Brionowski, NewSouth Publishing, 2017

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‘When I conversed with Lord Sydney…The place New South Wales holds on our globe might give it a very commanding influence in the policy of Europe. 

If a colony from Britain was established in a large tract of [that] country…The check which New South Wales would be in time of war…make it a very important object when we view it in the chart of the world with a political eye…and if we were at war with Holland or Spain, we might very powerfully annoy either State from our new settlement’.  James Matra, Plan for Botany Bay, August 23rd 1783, Frank Murcott Bladen,Historical Records of New South Wales  1892. Nabu Public Domain Reprint

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‘Without the direct intervention of Britain’s adversaries, France and Spain, on America’s side, the colonies could not hope to prevail against the superior British army and navy to win their independence outright’.Larrie D. Ferreiro, Brothers at Arms, American Independence and the Men of France and Spain Who Saved it. First Vintage Books, 2017

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Our wealth and power in India is their [France’s] great and constant object of jealously; and they will never miss an opportunity of attempting to wrest it out of our hands’. Sir James Harris [1784], cited Michael Pembroke, Arthur Phillip Sailor Mercenary Governor Spy, Hardie Grant Books, 2013

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