Posts Tagged ‘Thomas Barrett’


Tuesday, September 22nd, 2020

‘The ‘Botany Bay Medallion’ a skillfully engraved metal medallion inscribed with a relief description of the voyage dated 20 January 1788 and a representation of the Charlotte riding at anchor at Botany Bay.  Mollie Gillen, Founders of Australia,

image of charlotte medal

Thomas Barrett is thought to ‘have been the maker of the Botany Bay Medallion.’ Also known as the Charlotte Medal,  it measures 74 mm (3 inches).

One side bears a precise reckoning of the First Fleet’s gruelling eight (8) months voyage across 13,000 miles (21,000 km) of largely ‘imperfectly explored oceans’ from England to conquer New Holland, now Australia.

It appears to have been fashioned from a silver-coloured metal medical dish owned most likely by Dr. John White the fleet’s chief medical officer.

The face of the medal depicts Charlotte  one (1) of the fleet’s six (6) convict transports – Alexander, Friendship, Lady Penrhyn, Prince of Wales and Scarborough, chartered by the British government to ship 750 convicted criminals  (570 males, 190 women) from England to Australia, together with three (3) stores-ships, Golden Grove, Borrowdale and Fishburn.



Tuesday, February 28th, 2017

‘The death penalty was brought to Australia with the First Fleet’. Mike Edwards, The Hanged Man, The Life and Death of Ronald Ryan, 2002.

Botany Bay – 1788 – January, 18-20: Approximately 750 (570 male and 193 female) of England’s convicted criminals, reprieved death on condition they be exiled ‘from the realm’ reached Botany Bay in the middle of January 1788.

Among them Thomas Barrett, Henry Lavell, Joseph Hall and John Ryan friends from years of imprisonment in gaols and on prison hulks moored along the Thames River.

‘In determining the daily ration no distinction was drawn between the marines and the convicts…the standard adopted was that of the troops serving in the West Indies’. Wilfrid Oldham, Britain’s Convicts to the Colonies, Library of Australian History, Sydney 1990


‘When leaving Botany Bay Phillip noticed two [2] French ships in the offing…there would seem to be “some justification for the saying that England won Australia by six [6] days”. Edward Jenks, History of the Australian Colonies cited H.E. Egerton, A Short History of British Colonial Policy, Methueun, London 1928

Sydney Cove – 26 January: By ‘8 pm’ on the 26th of January the entire  English fleet  was riding at anchor in Sydney Cove nine (9) miles (14km) north of the original beach-head. 

Port Jackson – 27 January:The landing of a part of the marines and [male] convicts took place the next day, and on the following [28th] the remainder [of men] disembarked’. Marine Captain Watkin Tench, Sydney’s First Four Years, ed. F.L. Fitzhardinge, Angus and Robertson, Sydney 1961

Aside from seagulls how many white birds were on dry land at Sydney Cove on  26 January 1788? None

Sydney Cove – 6 February: Between 6am and 6 pm the two hundred and twenty-three (223) women and their children, twenty-two (22) born on the voyage, were rowed ashore.

7 February : ‘Owing to the multiplicity of pressing business necessary to be performed immediately after landing, it was found impossible to read the public commissions and take possession of the colony in form, until the 7th of February’. Tench. ibid

27 February:  Towards the end of the  month Thomas Barrett, Henry Lavell, Joseph Hall and John Ryan stood beneath‘ a large tree fixt as a gallows’. From Here To Eternity

If for no reason other than the fate of these four (4) young Englishmen provide insight and shed light on the ‘universal terror’ meted out to Australia’s First Peoples their brutal intersecting stories need to be told.  See: ‘Terror’ Arthur’s Algorithm

The punitive way the English dealt with their own people reveal them malicious and vindictive in the extreme.


Britain transported one hundred and sixty-three thousand (163,000) criminals to Australia.  Twenty-five thousand (25,000) were women. Of these twelve thousand (12,000) went directly to Tasmania.  West Australia, where transportation ended in 1868, received ten thousand (10,000)  male prisoners and zero females.

Well practised retribution was meted out when any dared to challenge the predators who plundered their resources and stole their culture, stole their children, stole their land, stole their lives and continue to do so.

Because of such gross imbalance of the sexes in the criminal, military and civilian population Britain’s invasion and colonisation of New Holland imposed  a racist caste-system on Australia’s First Nations’ Peoples. In time caste came to be based not only on colour but on shades of hue.   G is for Genocide

‘Imagine if we had suffered the injustices and then were blamed for it’. Paul Keating Redfern Speech, 10 December 1992.

Although the myriad injustices that followed Britain’s invasion stand in plain sight, because of widespread ignorance of our shared history throughout mainstream non-Aboriginal Australia, they go largely unrecognised and unacknowledged.

Even when acknowledged the consequences for the First Australians of Britain’s 1788 invasion, conquest, the death penalty  starvation, dispossession, dispersal,  gross gender imbalance –   genocide, syphilis –   starvation – the smallpox virus that killed 50% of Sydney’s Aboriginal families in 1789 are simply swept under the carpet. (more…)


Tuesday, September 13th, 2016

‘The arm of a large tree situated between the Tents of the Men and Women was fixt upon as a Gallowsthe body hung an hour and was then buried in a grave dug very near the Gallows’. Surgeon Bowes Smyth, Journal 1787-1789, Australian Documents Library, Sydney,1979

1788 – 27 February, Sydney Cove: Thomas Barrrett was the first man hanged in European Australia just one (1) month after disembarking in Sydney Cove.



Monday, July 13th, 2009

‘The death penalty was brought to Australia with the First Fleet’. Mike Richards, The Hanged Man, The Life and Death of Ronald Ryan, 2002.