Posts Tagged ‘spearing’

SWORD AND WORD BOTH ARE MIGHTY – GOVERNOR ARTHUR PHILLIP’S MILITARY CAMPAIGN FOR KING AND COUNTRY

Wednesday, July 11th, 2018

1790 – 13 December, Headquarters:‘ Put to death ten…bring in the heads of the slain…bring in two prisoners…I am resolved to execute the prisoners…in the most public and exemplary manner, in the presence of as many of their countrymen as can be collected’. Governor Phillip, General Orders to Captain Tench, cited, Marine Captain Watkin Tench, Sydney’s First Four Years, ed. F.L. Fitzhardinge, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1961

The reason Phillip gave for these ‘indiscriminate and disproportionate’ orders that put no limit on barbarity, was the spearing of convict John M’Entire by the warrior Pemulwuy that took place at Botany Bay in the early hours of 10 December 1790.

‘On the 9th of the month, a serjeant of marines, with three [3] convicts, among whom was M’Entire, the governor’s game-keeper (the person of whom Baneelon had, on former occasions, shewn so much dread and hatred) went out on a shooting party’. Tench. ibid.

Ostensibly the December raid was centred on Pemulwuy’s spearing of John M’Entire but all was not as it seemed. Bennalong, source of Phillip’s ‘dread and hatred’ intelligence, had been kidnapped in December 1789 and held captive within British lines until  he escaped in May 1790. See: Kidnapped – Manly What’s In A Name

‘But in this business of M’Entire I [Phillip] am fully persuaded that they [Aborigines] were unprovoked’. The ‘but’ refers to Phillip’s ‘own spearing’ by Wileemarrin on Manly Beach three (3) months previously – September 1790. See: Manly, Location Location Location

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‘TERROR’ ARTHUR PHILLIP & JOHN MACARTHUR THE ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM

Wednesday, July 11th, 2018

During Lord Sydney’s time as secretary of state, the Home Office was a clearing house. Its jurisdiction included overseeing of naval officers involved in trade regulation, secret service and special projects. As a result, Sydney crossed paths with three men who left their mark on history – Horotio Nelson, William Bligh and Arthur Phillip. Andrew Tink, Life and Times of Tommy Townshend, 2001

All three (3) – Nelson Bligh Phillip – have links to the fate of Australia’s First Peoples.

Nelson tangentially; when Captain Trail master of the second fleet death ship Neptune a convict transport of ‘Britain’s Grim Armada’ – the appeared at the Old Bailey accused of the brutal mistreatment of convicts and murder of two (2) of Neptune’s crew, it is thought Nelson’s favourable character reference led to Trail’s acquittal. See: A Tale of Two Fleets

1790 – December, Botany Bay: Phillip directly; when in December 1790 he introduced ‘universal terror’. See: A Hatchet Job – Kill 6 & Cut Off Their Heads

And Captain ‘Bounty’ Bligh arrived in New South Wales in August 1806 to take up his commission as Britain’s fourth ‘autocratic’ naval governor.

In January 1808, just a year and a half into his term, at the instigation of John Macarthur the ex-officer who put rum into the New South Wales ‘Rum’ Corps, Governor William Bligh RN was seized and imprisoned by the military. See: Australia Day Rebellion 26 January 1808

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KIDNAPPED: MANLY – WHAT’S IN A NAME

Tuesday, December 20th, 2016

‘The Act of 1786 [Geo. III. c.59] for the Encouragement of the Southern Whale Fishery proved to be the foundation of an important industry…in the wake of whalers other British traders would follow.

The furtherance of this plan became one of the central objects of Lord Hawkesbury’s commercial policy’. Vincent T. Harlow, Vol. 2, Founding of the Second British Empire 1763-1793, Longmans, 1964

Governor Arthur Phillip knew that establishing land bases to support a ship-based whaling industry in the Southern and Indian oceans, known to be teeming with marine life, was prominent among the ambitions of Prime Minister Pitt and his ‘secretive inner circle’ of powerful politicians Lord Hawkesbury, Henry Dundas and Lord Mulgrave.

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MANLY – LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION

Tuesday, December 6th, 2016

1790 – September, Manly Beach: ‘A native with a spear in his hand came forward…His excellency held out hand…advancing towards him…the nearer, the governor approached, the greater became the terror and agitation of the Indian.

To remove his fear, governor Phillip threw down a dirk, he wore at his side…the other [Wileemarin] alarmed at the rattle of the dirk, and probably  misconstruing the action, instantly fixed his lance, aimed his lance with such force and dexterity striking the governor’s right shoulder, just above the collar bone’.  Marine Watkin Tench, Sydney’s First Four Years, ed. F.L. Fitzhardinge, Angus and Robertson, 1961

The spearing of Governor Phillip must be seen in the context of kidnap, disease and death. Wileemarin had every reason to strike the advancing Governor. See: Kidnapped – Manly What’s in a Name 

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AN UGLY WAR – BRITAIN VERSUS ‘THE OTHER’

Tuesday, December 6th, 2016

‘Phillip was authorised to see to the defence of the colony…Military and police raids against dissenting Aboriginal groups lasted  from the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries…These raids had commenced by December 1790′. Professor Bruce Kercher, History of Law in Australia, Allen and Unwin, 1995

2016 – September, Manly Beach:  FAKE NEWSROAD RAGE – violence broke out on both the Harbour and Spit Bridges when cars were caught in giant grid-lock as Sydney-siders rushed to Manly where a whale – as big as a bus – had beached on the sand.

1790 – September, Manly Beach: Real news – excited Aborigines and Englishmen rushed to Manly to marvel at, ‘a tremendous monster’ whale that had washed up at Manly. The stranding proved a tipping point in the near annihilation of a free people, Australia’s First Nations’ Peoples.

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