Posts Tagged ‘raids’


Wednesday, July 11th, 2018

‘The cultural arrogance of the British was evident even before the First Fleet sailed.

There was no recognition that the Aborigines had their own notion of right, that from their point of view they were entitled to defend themselves from invasion’. Professor Bruce Kercher, An Unruly Child, A History of Law in Australia, Allen and Unwin, 1995


1790 – April: ‘per week without distinction…to every child of more than eighteen (18) months old and to every grown person two [2] pounds of pork, two and a half [2 ½] pounds of flour, two [2] pounds of rice, or a quart of pease.

The pork and rice we brought with us from England; the pork had been salted between three and four years, and every grain of rice was a moving body, from the inhabitants lodged within it’. Marine Captain Watkin Tench, Sydney’s First Four Years, ed. L.F. Fitzhardinge, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1961


‘On the 9th of the month [December 1790], a serjeant of marines, with three [3] convicts, among whom was M’Entire, the governor’s game-keeper (the person of whom Baneelon had, on former occasions, shewn so much dread and hatred) went out on a shooting party’. Tench. ibid.


1790 – 13 December, Sydney Headquarters: ‘Put to death ten…bring in the heads of the slain…bring in two prisoners.I am resolved to execute the prisoners…in the most public and exemplary manner, in the presence of as many of their countrymen as can be collected’. Governor Phillip, General Orders to Captain Tench, cited Tench. ibid


‘Indiscriminate and disproportionate’ Governor Phillip’s directive, put no limit on barbarity. He made it in response to the warrior Pemulwuy’s wounding of John  McIntyre who was one (1) of three (3) ‘First Fleet’ convict marksmen licensed to carry firearms.

‘But in this business of M’Entire I [Phillip] am fully persuaded that they [Aborigines] were unprovoked’, cited Tench.

Yet Tench tells us Phillip had detailed knowledge of McIntyre his own game-keeper. A year earlier, in December 1789 Bennalong, on Governor Phillip’s orders, had been kidnapped from Manly Beach.

He was held captive within British lines until he escaped in May of 1790.See: Kidnapped – Manly What’s In A Name

There can be no doubt Bennalong was the source of Phillip’s ‘dread and hatred’ intelligence .

Why ‘they’ when Pemulway identified by the ‘blemish in his left eye’, was the single known assailant.

The ‘but’ however refers to Phillip’s ,‘own spearing’ by Wileemarrin, ‘a native from Broken Bay’ that had taken place three (3) months previously – September 1790. See: Manly, Location Location Location