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Friday, April 3rd, 2020

‘For the British army, fights on the Australian frontier…that war nasty and decidedly lacking in glory’. Peter Stanley, The Remote Garrison, the British Army in Australia 1788-1870, Kangaroo Press, Sydney, 1986

Britain, post the American War of Independence (1775-1783) – via the Treaty of Paris signed 3 September 1783 – lost ‘an empire in the west’ her thirteen (13) colonies; North and South Carolina, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Virginia.

‘During the period 1763 and 1793 the character of the Second British Empire was being formed…the empire of commerce in the Indian and Pacific Oceans…once more the discoveries of Captain Cook were influencing the direction of Britain’s overseas expansion’. Vincent T. Harlow, Founding of the Second British Empire 1763-1793, Vol. II, 1964.

London – 18 August 1786: Lord Sydney the Home Secretary advised Treasury; According to the accounts given by the late Captain Cook His Majesty [George 111] has thought advisable to fix upon Botany Bay’. Historical Records of New South Wales

Proximity, New Holland’s geographical position, was perfectly placed for global warfare.

To that end a military campaign was mounted to dispossess the First Nations’ Peoples of their lands. See: Proximity Not Distance Drove Britain’s Invasion of New Holland.

London – 12 October, 1786: King George III ; We, reposing especial trust and confidence in your loyalty, and experience in military affairs, do, by these presents, constitute and appoint you to be said Governor of our territory called New South Wales…from the Northern extremity… Cape York…to the Southern extremity…South Cape’. His Majesty George III to our trusted and well-loved Captain Arthur Phillip, 12 October 1786.



Sunday, February 9th, 2020

Sydney Cove – 7 February, 1788: ‘We have come today to take possession of this fifth great continental division of the earth on behalf of the British people. I do not doubt that this country will prove the most valuable acquisition Great Britain ever made’. Governor Arthur Phillip RN, Historical Records of New South Wales, Vol.1

The island continent of New Holland, now Australia, was seized by force of arms in 1788.

Captain-General Governor Arthur Phillip RN on the 7th of February 1788 proclaimed ‘British Sovereignty’ over New Holland from ‘Cape York in the most northern extremity to the southern extremity… South Cape’.

The First Peoples did not give consent, nor was a treaty entered into. It remains to be done.

‘To seize from its original occupants all their symbols and monuments, probably forms the most enduring injury which one group of people can inflict upon another’. C.D. Rowley, The Destruction of Aboriginal Society, Penguin, 1974