Archive for July, 2016

BRITONS NEVER NEVER SHALL BE SLAVES !!!!

Tuesday, July 19th, 2016

A Time Line

Slavery as punishment… a king or magistrate could mercifully spare and enslave a man whose crime had forfeited his right to life. White Over Black — 1550-1812, Winthrop D. Jordan, 1969. 

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CAPE YORK TO SOUTH CAPE – KING GEORGE III – YOUR LAND IS MY LAND

Tuesday, July 19th, 2016

‘The natives of the country…live in Tranquility which is not disturb’d by the inequality of condition; they covet not magnificent Houses, household stuff etc. They sleep as sound in a small hovel or even in the open as the King in His Pallace on a Bed of down.

The Earth and Sea of its accord furnished them with all the things necessary for life’. Lieutenant James Cook, The Endeavour Journal

Cape York, Possession Island:  On 22 August 1770 Lieutenant James Cook RN, at Possession Island in Australia’s far north, in the name of King George III of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, claimed ‘discovery’ of the entire eastern coast of New Holland from ‘Cape York in the most northern extremity…to South Cape’.

Eighteenth century international law held; ‘only if uninhabited could one country take effective possession of another country, claim ownership for itself and share it out among its own people’.

‘Hugh Grotius [1538-1645] remark[ed] that an act of discovery was sufficient to give clear title to sovereignty ‘only when it is accompanied by actual possession’. Cited, Henry Reynolds, Aboriginal Sovereignty, Three Nations, One Australia, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1996

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A CRACKER-JACK OPINION – NO SWEAT

Tuesday, July 19th, 2016

‘During the period 1763-1793 the character of the Second British Empire was being formed…the empire of commerce in the Indian and Pacific Oceans’. Vincent T. Harlow, The Founding of the Second British Empire 1763-1793, Vol. 2 Longmans, 1963

England – 1771: Lieutenant James Cook RN returned to England from the Endeavour voyage (1786-1771). He reported the island continent named New Holland by Dutch explorers, now Australia, was inhabited.

‘The natives of the country…live in Tranquility which is not disturb’d by the inequality of condition’. James Cook, Endeavour Journal

According eighteenth century international law only if territory was without inhabitants could it be claimed by another nation to be shared  amongst that nation’s citizens.

The whole claim of sovereignty and ownership on the basis of terra nullius was manifestly based on a misreading of Australian circumstance, not that this prevented Phillip from hoisting the Union Jack in 1788 and expropriating the owners of Sydney Cove. Stuart Mac Intyre, A Concise History of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 2004  

‘ACTUAL OCCUPATION’ OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY‘EXISTING IN FACT

England’s lawyers burned midnight oil as they sought to establish legal grounds that would allow Britain take ‘effective occupation’ from those in ‘actual possessionof New Holland.

To that end they studied the tortuous twists and turns of English law, as laid down in the ‘Commentaries’ of England’s leading jurist Sir William Blackstone.

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