Archive for May, 2014

THE HULKS ACT 1776: TRANSPORTATION – AMERICA & AUSTRALIA – DIFFERENCES & SIMILARITIES

Thursday, May 29th, 2014

‘Slavery as punishment…a king or magistrate could mercifully spare and enslave a man whose crime had forfeited his right to life’. Winthrop D. Jordan, White Over Black, 1550 -1812, 1969

Following the death of Elizabeth Tudor, King James I of England (1603 – 1625), interpreted transportation ‘out of the realm’ as ‘tempering justice with mercy’.

‘Transportation marked a profound transition in the history of British criminal justice’. Roger Ekirch, Bound For America: The Transportation of British Convicts to America 1718-1775,  1981.

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